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ATP in Use

This animation shows two examples of how the cell uses energy from ATP. It is the sixth of six animations about cellular respiration.

Pyruvate Dehydrogenase

This animation shows how the pyruvate dehydrogenase enzyme complex converts pyruvate into acetyl-CoA. It is the second of six animations about cellular respiration.

Glycolysis

This animation shows how glycolysis converts glucose into pyruvate through a series of enzyme reactions. It is the first of six animations about cellular respiration.

ATP Synthesis

This animation shows how the proton gradient across the mitochondrial membrane powers the ATP synthase enzyme to make ATP. It is the fifth of six animations about cellular respiration.

Electron Transport Chain

This animation shows how the enzyme complexes of the electron transport chain harvest energy from cofactor molecules to pump protons across the mitochondrial membrane and establish a chemical gradient. It is the fourth of six animations about cellular respiration.

Citric Acid Cycle

This animation shows the reactions of the citric acid cycle, which splits off carbon atoms and generates energy-rich reduced forms of cofactor molecules. It is the third of six animations about cellular respiration.

Interactive Exploration of Coral Bleaching

The added information provided at pause points within the animation Coral Bleaching allows for a richer exploration of coral reefs, symbiosis, and other topics in biology.

Understanding Global Change

This interactive module allows students and educators to build models that explain how the Earth system works. The Click & Learn can be used to show how Earth is affected by human activities and natural phenomena.

BiomeViewer

This interactive module explores biomes, climate, biodiversity, and human impacts around the globe and at different times.