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Sodium Channel Evolution in Electric Fish

This activity guides the analysis of a published scientific figure from a study that investigated how gene duplication contributed to the evolution of electric fish.

Sex Verification Testing of Athletes

This interactive module explores the biology of sex determination and development in humans, set against the backdrop of the different sex testing policies implemented throughout sports history.

Epidemiology of Nipah Virus

This activity complements the video Virus Hunter: Monitoring Nipah Virus in Bat Populations. Students explore cases of Nipah virus infection, analyze evidence, and make calculations and predictions based on data.

Sleep Clears β-amyloid from the Brain

This activity analyzes a published scientific figure from a study that investigated the biological importance of sleep. In this study, scientists tested whether sleep plays a role in removing harmful substances from the brain.

Viral Lysis and Budding

This activity outlines two demonstrations that model how enveloped and nonenveloped viruses are released from infected cells.

HIV Receptors and Co-receptors

This demonstration models the first step of the HIV life cycle: the binding of HIV envelope proteins to receptors on human helper T cells.

Viral DNA Integration

In this hands-on activity, students model how a double-stranded DNA copy of the HIV genome is integrated into the host cell DNA.

HIV Protease Inhibitors

This demonstration models how the HIV protease enzyme functions and how its activity is blocked by a class of anti-HIV drugs.

HIV Reverse Transcription and AZT

This activity allows students to model how the anti-HIV drug AZT (azidothymidine) interferes with the process of viral replication.

Ebola: Disease Detectives

This hands-on activity allows students to analyze DNA sequences of Ebola viruses. Students use these sequences to track the virus’s spread during the 2013–2016 Ebola outbreak in West Africa.