In this article, see a learning sequence where students explore symbiotic relationships and cell communication in bacteria (quorum sensing) by connecting their prior knowledge regarding ocean ecosystems to their understanding of symbiotic relationships.
This animation shows how the enzyme complexes of the electron transport chain harvest energy from cofactor molecules to pump protons across the mitochondrial membrane and establish a chemical gradient. It is the second of three animations about cellular respiration.
This animation shows the reactions of the citric acid cycle, which splits off carbon atoms and generates energy-rich reduced forms of cofactor molecules. It is the first of three animations about cellular respiration.