1 - 11 of 11 results
Citric Acid Cycle

This animation shows the reactions of the citric acid cycle, which splits off carbon atoms and generates energy-rich reduced forms of cofactor molecules. It is the first of three animations about cellular respiration.

Electron Transport Chain

This animation shows how the enzyme complexes of the electron transport chain harvest energy from cofactor molecules to pump protons across the mitochondrial membrane and establish a chemical gradient. It is the second of three animations about cellular respiration.

ATP Synthesis

This animation shows how the proton gradient across the mitochondrial membrane powers the ATP synthase enzyme to make ATP. It is the third of three animations about cellular respiration.

Planarian Regeneration and Stem Cells

This video discusses the remarkable regenerative capabilities of the planarian, and how biologist Alejandro Sánchez Alvarado uses them to study the biology of stem cells.

Salamander Limb Regeneration

This animation shows how salamanders can replace missing limb tissues with the help of cells similar to stem cells.

VEGF

This animation shows how tumors use the protein VEGF to recruit blood vessels.

Ubiquitin and the Proteasome

This animation shows how proteins in the cell are tagged for disposal by ubiquitin and then degraded by the proteasome.