Spreadsheet Tutorial 4: t-Test
In this activity, students explore different ways of calculating t-values and performing t-tests using built-in functions in Excel or Google Sheets. Students apply what they learned by plotting beak size measurements of Galapágos finches collected before and after a drought.
This activity covers different methods for performing t-tests, including how to calculate t-values manually, a table of critical values of t, and how to use the built-in TTEST function to perform a t-test. It also includes doing a t-test using Excel’s Analysis Toolpak.
Student Learning Targets
Use a spreadsheet program to perform a t-test to determine if two sets of measurements are significantly different.
alpha level, Galapágos finches, null hypothesis, paired t-test, t-value
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Common Core (2010)
Math.N-Q.1, Math.F-LE.5, Math.A-SSE.3, Math.A-REI.3, Math.S-ID.5, Math.S-IC.3; MP1, MP2, MP4, MP5
AP Biology (2019)