Sex Verification Testing of Athletes
This interactive module explores the biology of sex determination and development in humans, set against the backdrop of the different sex testing policies implemented throughout sports history.
The Click & Learn uses ongoing debates about the eligibility of certain female athletes to participate in women's events as an entry point for students to learn the processes involved in human reproductive development. Students apply what they have learned to evaluate the results of different tests that have been used throughout sports history to qualify female athletes to compete.
The accompanying worksheet guides students’ exploration.
Student Learning Targets
- Describe how biological sex and gender differ from each other.
- Describe how mutations in a variety of genes can affect the development of internal and external sex characteristics.
- Explain how characteristics associated with biological sex may affect athletic performance.
chromosome, differences in sex development (DSD), estrogen, Olympics, ovary, primary/secondary sex characteristic, sex determining region Y (SRY), testes, testosterone, X inactivation
Accessibility Level (WCAG compliance)
HS-LS1.A, HS-LS1.B, HS-LS3.B, HS-LS4.ASEP6, SEP8
AP Biology (2019)
IST-1.P, IST-1.J, IST-2.E, IST-4.A; SP1, SP2, SP4, SP6
IB Biology (2016)
3.2, 3.3, 6.6, 10.1, D.5
IB Environmental Systems and Societies (2017)
Vision and Change (2009)
CC2; DP1, DP6