Interactive Case Study for The Effects of Fungicides on Bumble Bee Colonies
This video case study explores whether fungicides play a role in the decline of bee populations.
Fungicides are applied to a variety of flowering plants to protect them from fungi, not insects. However, entomologist Shawn Steffan wondered whether fungicides might be harmful to bees, which are declining due to a number of factors. This video case study presents an experiment that Steffan conducted to investigate the possible consequences of fungicide applications on bee colonies.
This video incorporates embedded questions at automatic pause points, where students are asked to make predictions, construct explanations, and analyze data. After answering all the questions, students can view their answers in a “Report” that can be printed. They can also add further explanation to each answer in the Report if their thinking has changed. The video can also be shown without embedded questions using "Presentation Mode."
Student Learning Targets
- Define the term fungicide and describe how fungicides can have both positive and negative impacts on the environment.
- Given a scientific question, design an investigation that attempts to answer the question.
- Use scientific evidence from an experiment to identify limitations of a study, draw conclusions, and suggest future studies.
agriculture, bar graph, fungus, insecticide, larvae, pesticide, pollen, pollinator, scientific methodology, yeast
Prud'homme-Genereux, Annie, Gibson, Phil, Csikari, Melissa. “Case Study: Creating a Video Case Study.” Journal of College Science Teaching. 48, 4(2019): 47–53. https://doi.org/10.2505/4/jcst19_048_04_46.
Steffan, Shawn A., Prarthana S. Dharampal, Luis Diaz-Garcia, Cameron R. Currie, Juan Zalapa, and Chris Todd Hittinger. “Empirical, Metagenomic, and Computational Techniques Illuminate the Mechanisms by which Fungicides Compromise Bee Health.” _Journal of Visualized Experiments_ 128 (2017): 54631. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5752386/
Accessibility Level (WCAG compliance)
HS-LS4-5; SEP3, SEP4
AP Bio (2019)
ENE-3.D, EVO-1.E, IST-5.A; SP3, SP4
IB Biology (2016)
AP Environmental Science (2020)
Topic(s): 3.5, 5.6
Learning Objectives & Practices: ERT-3, EIN-2.G, SP1, SP4, SP7
IB Environmental Systems and Societies (2017)
Common Core (2010)
Vision and Change (2009)