The Art of Hiding
This activity explores an image of a moth with unusual markings on its wings, which serves as a phenomenon for learning about mimicry and adaptation.
Mimicry is an evolved resemblance between an organism (the mimic) and another entity (the model), which can be a nonliving object or an unrelated species. This image shows a moth with wing patterns that resemble flies feeding on bird droppings. This unappetizing appearance, combined with the moth’s unpleasant smell, keeps away predators that see only smelly bird droppings and hungry flies rather than a tasty moth.
The “Educator Materials” document includes background information and implementation suggestions for using the images as phenomena. The “Student Handout” includes the images and background information.
Student Learning Targets
- Examine images of phenomena, make observations, and ask questions.
- Collaborate with peers on ideas, ask questions that require higher levels of reasoning, and develop deeper understanding of concepts.
- Describe examples of mimicry and its evolutionary benefits.
adaptation, camouflage, mimic, mimicry, moth, predator avoidance
Accessibility Level (WCAG compliance)
AP Biology (2019)
EVO-1.C, EVO-1.D, EVO-1.O; SP3
IB Biology (2016)
AP Environmental Science (2020)
Topic(s): 2.4, 2.6
Learning Objectives & Practices: ERT-2.F, ERT-2.H, SP2
IB Environmental Systems and Societies (2017)
Common Core (2010)
Vision and Change (2009)